Formative and Summative Research

Formative and Summative Research

Formative and Summative Research

We know that different problems and contexts require different approaches. We are experienced in both formative and summative evaluation and often employ both approaches for our clients.

Our formative approaches include:

  • Needs assessments
  • Ethnographic interviewing and observations
  • Literature reviews
  • Rapid collection and reporting techniques to enable ongoing improvement

 

Our summative approaches include:

  • Performance reviews
  • Cost/benefit analysis
  • Outcome and impact analysis